Millions of adults suffer from cold and fever every year. It is quite impossible to be not infected with influenza virus. Having cold and fever is very uncomfortable, as one might probably have to put his or her daily activities on hold and take rest to get better.
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Fortunately, by taking simple medication common cold and fever can be quickly cured.Some even self-medicate on antihistamines, and cold suppressants to seek relief from this disease. However, like for any other disease, consulting a doctor is highly recommended to get proper treatment. Most times people get common cold and fever during changing seasons, especially when the season of the year moves into winter.
Common cold or just Cold is a viral infection that happens in the upper respiratory tract. It affects the sinuses, nose, throat, and larynx. Signs of having cold are a runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, headache, and coughing. Fever, on the other hand, is a febrile response to the viral infection associated with common cold. Usually, both of these happen together and one is related to other. Fever increases the temperature of the body above the normal temperature (99.5 and 100.9 °F). Fever should not be neglected while it can progress into pneumonia if untreated. Sometimes cold and the fever lasts just for a day or two and can go up to weeks. Infeverenza virus causing cold and fever is contagious and spreads through mucus expelled from sneezing and coughing. The discomfort of having cold and fever can be eased with following some natural home remedies.
Below are simple home remedies for treating cold and fever in adults
1. Chicken Soup
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Chicken soup might not have the necessary herbs to cure fever and cold but its a great comfort food when your tongue is probably tasting bitter. Moreover, studies show that sipping chicken soup with veggies slows down the circulation of neutrophils or white blood cells in the body. This decreases the temperature of the body and subsides the action of infection. When the white blood cells are slowly moving, they have more control over the area of infection and have a better chance of healing it. If you have nasal congestion associated with cold, chicken soup will relieve it and ease breathing. Also, chicken soup with low sodium content hydrates the body and at the same time offers good nutrition.
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For centuries, ginger has been used in medicines to treat a broad spectrum of common diseases. Today we have scientific proof on ginger’s curative properties. It is antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory which soothes the throat and relieves nose blockage. Also, if you feel nausea, eating a piece of ginger will subside it.
Ginger Honey Lemon Tea
- Cut a ginger node into tiny bits and put in a teapot
- Pour 1 glass of boiling water into the pot and let it steep for 2 minutes
- Add a teaspoon of honey and 2 to 3 drops of lemon juice
- Stir the mixture
3. Honey for Cold and Fever
Honey inherently has antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. If cold and fever have caused sore throat, drink lemon and honey mixed tea to gain quick relief. Studies show honey suppresses a cough and gives relief from irritation in the throat. Honey can be given to children before sleeping to reduce cough symptoms. It is proven children sleep better with the consumption of honey while having cold and fever. However, honey should not be given to kids who are younger than one year it contains a bacterium called botulinum spores.
Lemon Ginger Jelly Mix
- Slice a node of ginger and a Lemon
- Put the ginger slices and lemon in a glass jar.
- Pour 3 to 4 tablespoons of honey and mix them together
This mixture over time becomes jelly-like and consuming a scoop of it during cold and fever will give a great relief.
Garlic has allicin compound, which has antimicrobial, antioxidant and antibiotic properties. Also, it gives expectorant and decongestant effects. Drinking a mixture of few cloves of garlic and warm water is effective in relieving the symptoms of acold. The saponins and amino acids present in garlic are considered to have curative properties against the viral cold.
To get the healing benefits of garlic one can eat it raw, however, many are not very courageous to do so because of its pungent taste. Instead, one can create a mixture that is pleasing to the palette and medicinal properties are not lost.
- Crush 4 to 5 cloves of garlic
- Mix in 2 teaspoons of orange juice
- Squeeze 2 drops of lemon
- Add a teaspoon of honey
- Mix the ingredients through to get a paste
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Echinacea plant is well known among the Amazon tribes. It is a herb recorded to have been used to treat infections for more than 300 years. It contains flavonoids that interact with the body in a therapeutic manner, reduce inflammation and boost the immune system. Studies have shown fever and the common cold are significantly reduced with the intake of Echinacea herb. It also enhances immunity of the body against cold and decreases the risk of getting it in the future by 50 percent. For people who constantly fall sick with fever, cough and cold will find this herb very helpful. For adults, it is recommended to take 1 teaspoon of echinacea root power twice daily for 3 to 4 weeks to be free from cold and fever.
6. Vitamin C
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Vitamin C may not cure cold and fever by itself; however, it is effective in reducing its symptoms. Consume grapefruit, orange, lime, and other fruit juices regularly while you are sick with fever.Leafy greens are also abundant in vitamin C and can be used to make smoothies along with other veggies. Lemon helps to dilute the phlegm and to free the nasal passage. Drinking hot lemonade is a good home remedy for gaining relief from common cold. Vitamin C boosts your immune system and relaxes the muscles and blood vessels in the respiratory tract.
- In a pan, pour a glass full of water
- Add 3 tablespoons of sugar and boil it. Keep stirring the water while boiling to dissolve the sugar
- Remove the water from the pan and transfer it to a pitcher
- Cut a lemon and squeeze both halves into the pitcher
- Add 2 cubes of ice
If you want chilled lemonade, refrigerate it for 30 minutes
Note: Avoid this remedy if you have a severe sore throat.
Probiotics are friendly yeast and bacteria living your body. These mainly reside in your gut and keep the immune system healthy. Studies show that having good healthy probiotics in the body reduces the frequency of falling sick and having upper respiratory infections. To induce probiotics in your body, eat foods such as yogurt, Kimchi, Sauerkraut, Kefir, Miso, Tempeh, and Pickles.
8. Gargling Saltwater
Salt water has the power to kill germs and bad bacteria in the throat. Gargling loosens mucus and flushes allergens. It is a recommended treatment for anyone with pain from a sore throat and congestion in the nose. It is effective against a broad spectrum of respiratory infections.
Take a glass of water and add 2 tablespoons of table salt. Mix this thoroughly to create a salt-water solution. Gargle with it multiple times in the morning.
9. Vapor Rub
Vapor rub is a well-known topical treatment to alleviate cold symptoms in adults and children. It involves applying menthol-based ointments on the chest and nose. Vapor rubs are usually applied before sleeping to free up the nasal passage, improve sleep, and reduce coughing. Doctors recently are less encouraging about applying vapor rubs to children below 4 years old.
The cold-causing virus thrives on dryness. Having humid surroundings in your home reduces the spreading of fever virus. It reduces inflammation in the nasal cavity and allows clear passage of air. Putting a humidifier at work in your bedroom might help you to be comfortable during sleep. During winter, the dry atmosphere indoors can aggravate the cold symptoms, using a humidifier with some drops of eucalyptus oil added stimulates breathing. Changing water in the humidifier is necessary to avoid growth of fungi and mold inside.
11. Warm baths
Warm sponge baths are usually given to children to relax the symptoms of cold and fever. However, this is also effective in treating adults. Adding baking soda and Epsom in the bath water relieves body aches. For the soothing effect, add a few drop of rosemary, orange, tea tree, eucalyptus or lavender oil. The aroma of these oils helps to free up nasal congestion.
- Eat nutritious food and exercise regularly
- Have sleep for good number of hours
- Thoroughly wash your hands during seasons of the year when cold and fever are rampant- early spring and late winter
- Do not touch your mouth, eyes, and nose excessively
- Do not share utensils, glasses, and cup with family members
- Properly hydrate your body by drinking plenty of fevers
- Have good ventilation in the room
- When you get cough reflux cover your mouth with arm to avoid dispersing germs out
- Use handkerchiefs or paper tissues to cope up with the mucus discharge