Are you been scratching a mosquito bite for hours? Is the itching not going away? Scratching a mosquito bite can be quite compulsive and when done for a long time, can leave a small wound and scar in the area. We have a lot of ways to kill and keep mosquitoes away, mosquito coils, killer rackets, foggers, etc but often they make their way into our homes and succeed in biting and sucking the blood out of us.
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The moment when a mosquito bite is quite stingy and painful. But an unnoticed mosquito bite during sleep can leave bump with constant itching for a long time, for hours and even days sometimes. The itching comes from the leftover saliva of the mosquito. Although mosquito bites are common, they need to be taken seriously. They can lead to serious illnesses such as dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya, Zika fever, and Malaria. A simple way to treat mosquito bites is by applying a home remedy. Below are some of the easiest and most effective ways to treat and relieve an itchy mosquito bite.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera has been known for its anti-fungal and bacterial properties. It is an excellent remedy for treating mosquito bites as along with killing the pathogens, it also gives a soothing effect. Once it starts to subside swelling and itching it encourages blood platelets in the area to heal the wound.
- Cut an Aloe Vera leaf
- Remove the fleshy part from the middle of the leaf
- Take a small piece of the gel and rub it on the bite
You can keep the gel in the refrigerator for 15 minutes to have a more cooling effect.
If you have a red swollen bumpfrom a mosquito bite, applying vinegar can shrink it within a few minutes. Vinegar, for the most part, is an acetic acid, which reacts with the saliva of the mosquito and balances its PH Value. Also, it kills all the bacteria in the area because of its antibacterial property. This home remedy works for both kids above 4 years and adults. If a kid has multiple mosquito bites, consider diluting the vinegar with water before applying it. Using Apple Cider Vinegar is preferred over other forms of vinegar.
- Take a medium sized cotton swab
- Add 2 drops of vinegar on the swab
- Wipe it over the mosquito bump
If there are many bites, take a bath with hot water mixed with 3 cups of vinegar.
3. Baking Soda & Water
Baking Soda or Sodium bicarbonate has a copious amount of carbon dioxide which neutralizes the oxidation production causing itching in the area of a mosquito bite. Baking soda is used in many herbal remedies and it is very effective in treating mosquito bites. With the application of baking soda, itching and swelling quickly go away and if there is a possibility of getting an infection in the coming days, it prevents it.
- Take ½ teaspoon of baking soda
- Mix the baking soda with 3 to 4 drops of water to create a paste
- Apply this paste to the area of bite
Rubbing a bar of dry soap gives almost immediate relief from itching. The molecules of fatty acids and triglycerides present in the soap react with the mosquito saliva and neutralize it. Soaps with glycerine are more effective in relaxing mosquito bites. Once the itching fades away, wash the area thoroughly.
- Take a dry bar of soap
- Rub it on the itchy bump
- Let it do its job for a few minutes and wash it multiple times
Note: Do not use a detergent soap. Use a bathing soap.
Onion is mildly acidic in nature and those who cook know its tearing effect. Applying onion juice on the mosquito bite kills the germs on the site and subsides swelling. It drains out saliva of the mosquito and prevents infections.
- Take a leaf of onion
- Cut it into tiny bits and make a paste out of them
- Stick the paste over the affected area
Rinse and wash the spot after a few minutes.
Toothpaste usually contains peppermint in it, so applying a small amount on the mosquito bite gives quick relief. Neem contained toothpasteis also effective in giving the same result, however peppermint ones are more soothing in the area.
- Take a small amount of paste in your index finger
- Apply the paste to the mosquito bite
- After the paste dries, wash it with water
7. Raw Honey
Honey is well known for its healing and antibacterial properties. It is traditionally used to cure scratch wounds without leaving scars. Applying honey is probably the best way to treat mosquito bites since many of us tend to scratch the area to get rid of itchiness and this could lead to unnecessary scars. So honey ensures, both the mosquito bite is healed and there is no leftover scar. The antibacterial action of honey prevents any further infections. Apply a dab of honey to the affected area to cure mosquito bite.
The citric acid contained in lemon cleanses the mosquito saliva in the bit area and provides relief from itching and swelling. Lemon also has antiseptic and antibacterial properties, which kill the pathogens and fasten healing.
- Take a lemon and slice it into half
- Squeeze a half of lemon and get a few drops of juice in a glass bowl
- Dip a cotton swab into the juice and wipe it on the mosquito bite
9. Essential oils
Essential oils of neem, lavender, rosemary, tea tree, cedar and witch hazel have many healing properties. Applying them on the mosquito bite gives adequate relief from itching. If you have a sensitive skin, make sure you dilute the essential oil in water before applying it on the bite.
10. Himalayan salt
Sodium in the Himalayan salt gives it the antibacterial property. Applying Himalayan salt on the mosquito bite reduces irritation and prevents the possibility of an infection by dehydrating the bacteria. If you do not have Himalayan salt at home, table salt equally works fine. Note that applying salt to a scratched wound can be painful.
- Take finely grounded Himalayan salt
- Mix it with few drops of water to create a thick paste
- Apply the paste to the bite
The pungent smell and sulfur compounds such as Allin contained in garlic help to heal the wound. Applying garlic oil or raw garlic on the wound gives a mild burning sensation but you will feel relaxed afterward. Children might not like this remedy, use it with caution. The garlic smell repels the mosquitoes if there are any in the room and prevents further bites.
- Peel a garlic and remove a clove
- Mince the clove
- Apply bit of garlic to the mosquito bite
12. Ozonated Olive Oil
Ozonated Olive oil is derived by infusing oxygen into olive oil gradually over a period of 4 to 6 months. This process changes the appearance of olive oil into a white topical cream that can be used to soothe a wide range of skin problems. It alleviates and heals redness and swelling of insect bites.
- Take a small quantity of ozonated olive oil in your index finger
- Apply it over the mosquito bump
The swelling and itching associated with olive oil should stop within a few minutes.
13. Crushed ice
Ice can reduce inflammation and shrink the swelling. Cold temperature numbs the skin and provides immediate short-term relief from itching.
- Place a cold pack on the mosquito bite
- Keep it 1 to 2 minutes
Note: Do not keep the ice pack for more than 5 minutes on the area as the skin can be damaged by this. If required you can keep a washcloth on the skin before applying ice on it.
Basil is a common ingredient in many Italian recipes and is called as a royal herb. The chemical compound in basil called eugenol relieves itchy skin. It has therapeutic properties, which relax the skin, and makes the swelling subside within few minutes.
- Boil 1 ½ cup of water
- Add half an ounce of dried basil leaves
- Let the mixture to steep and cool
- Dip a cotton swap in the liquid and rub the mosquito bites gently with it.
Additional Tips to get rid of Mosquito Bites
- Close the windows of your room after sunset.
- Apply Lavender infused olive oil on your hands and legs to keep mosquitoes away
- Avoid scratching the mosquito bite to prevent infections and wounds
- Plant mosquito repellent plants such as Citronella, Plantip, Feverfew, and Lavender around your home
- Include more garlic in your diet. Studies have shown mosquitoes bite people who eat more garlic
- Build a pond and plant scented flowers in your garden to attract bats. Bats kill mosquitoes at night.
- Get rid of stagnant water where mosquitoes lay their eggs. This can include rainwater, birdbaths, pet water bowls, and puddles.
- Install mosquito traps. CO2 traps are available which attract mosquitoes inside them and they can’t escape afterward
- Light up incense made of essential oils
- Cover yourself thoroughly with a blanket while sleeping
- At outdoors, apply mosquito repellent cream on the exposed parts of your body